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Energy drinks generally contain caffeine Authentic Derwin James Jersey , taurine, sugars and sweeteners, herbal supplements, and other ingredients and are distinct from sports drinks and vitamin waters. In 2008, the National Federation of State High School Associations, while recommending water and sports drinks for rehydration, specifically did not recommend energy drinks and cited potential risks, the absence of benefit, and drug interactions.

Energy drinks have no therapeutic benefit Authentic Joey Bosa Jersey , and many ingredients are understudied and not regulated. The known and unknown pharmacology of agents included in such drinks, combined with reports of toxicity, raises concern for potentially serious adverse effects in association with energy drink use.
However, in the short-term, pediatricians need to be aware of the possible effects of energy drinks in vulnerable populations and screen for consumption to educate families. Long-term research should aim to understand the effects in at-risk populations. Toxicity surveillance should be improved, and regulations of energy drink sales and consumption should be based on appropriate research.

“Energy drinks” are beverages that contain caffeine, taurine, vitamins, herbal supplements Authentic Melvin Gordon Jersey , and sugar or sweeteners and are marketed to improve energy, weight loss, stamina, athletic performance, and concentration. Energy drinks are available in >140 countries and are the fastest growing US beverage market; in 2011, sales are expected to top $9 billion. Half of the energy drink market consists of children (<12 years old), adolescents (12–18 years old), and young adults (19–25 years old).

Although healthy of you can tolerate caffeine in moderation, heavy caffeine consumption Craig Mager Jersey , such as drinking energy drinks, has been associated with serious side effects such as seizures, mania, stroke, and sudden death. Moreover, numerous reports exist in the popular media, and there are a handful of case reports in the literature that associate such adverse events with energy drink consumption; though, it is prudent to investigate the validity of such claims. In addition, Children Denzel Perryman Jersey , especially those with cardiovascular, renal, or liver disease, seizures, diabetes, mood and behavioral disorders, or hyperthyroidism or those who take certain medications, may be at higher risk for adverse events from energy drink consumption.

Although the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits caffeine content in soft drinks, which are categorized as food Hunter Henry Jersey , there is no such regulation of energy drinks, which are classified as dietary supplements. Despite the large, unregulated market for energy drinks and reports in the literature and popular media of serious adverse events associated with their consumption, research into their use and effects has been sparse. However, schools, states, and countries increasingly are exploring content and sales regulations of these drinks.

Given the rapidly growing market and popularity among youth, we reviewed the literature to
(1) determine what energy drinks are,
(2) compile consumption data of energy drinks by children Kyzir White Jersey , adolescents, and young adults,
(3) compile caffeine and energy drink overdose data,
(4) examine the physiologic effects of the ingredients in energy drinks,
(5) identify potential problems of energy drinks among children and adolescents,
(6) assess the marketing of energy drinks,
(7) Report current regulation of energy drinks, and (8) propose educational, research Justin Jones Jersey , and regulatory recommendations.
It is fair to say that Coventry is one of the provincial cities that provides plenty of entertainment for the local residents but, so far at least, is not a destination that attracts people to it for its night-life. With two universities in the city, during the academic term time the city is generally livelier than when the student population isn't around. That said there are plenty of good bars, restaurants, theatres and clubs available in the city. Also, within 15 minutes of the city is the NEC arena (National Exhibition Centre Arena) and the touring shows it brings to the West Midlands.

Bars and Pubs:
One of the oldest pubs in Coventry, with a history dating back to the 1620s is the Malt Shovel on Spon End, not far from the Ice rink at the western edge of the city centre. It has three serving areas and you can choose whether to sit in a 'traditional' area or something a bit more modern and cosmopolitan. The pub usually has live music on Friday and Saturday evenings Rayshawn Jenkins Jersey , but currently only serves food at lunchtimes and on Sundays. It's not surprising, given the proximity of Coventry to the town of Rugby, that there is a pub in Coventry with a strong rugby theme. The Gatehouse Tavern, on Hill Street near the Belgrade Theatre, is that pub. Rebuilt from a derelict mill building it features stained glass windows depicting the six nation's rugby, such is the landlord's devotion to the sport. Guest beers form the local Church End brewery are available and a large garden area makes it an even more inviting pub to visit in the summer. A member of the Scream chain of pubs, the Aardvark on the Butts in the city centre is very popular with the student population. Describing itself as the perfect place to relax and chill out in funky unpretentious surroundings, ideal for meeting up with friends for a drink or something to eat. However, locals variously describe it as; dirty Dan Feeney Jersey , a dive, a good pub ruined and other comments that really can't be printed here! Despite being close to Coventry University on Far Gosford Street the Beer Engine is popular with both students and locals, indeed it is seen just as much as a local pub as one frequented by students. Under new management the pub serves guest beers and has re-installed a piano in the bar for an occasional impromptu sing-along.

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