BEIJING， Jan. 24 (Xinhua) -- China plans huge spending to improve farmland quality in the next few years in hopes of propping up grain supplies as shrinking arable land has put the populous country under pressure to feed its people.
A total of 600 billion yuan (around 88 billion U.S. dollars) will be pumped into the field by 2020， Han Jun， deputy director of the central agricultural work leading team office， said on Tuesday at a press conference.
The central and local governments will provide the funds， Han said， adding that he hopes the efforts will also attract private investment.
It was the latest move in a nationwide official program to build "high-standard cropland，" which， according to official documents， refers to large-scale， contiguous plots of land with fertile soil and modern farming facilities. This type of farmland can maintain stable and high yields and has sound ecological condition and strong capacity to resist natural disasters.
China improved around 26.87 million hectares of farmland to meet those standards from 2011 to 2015. The Ministry of Land and Resources estimates there will be a 10- to 20-percent rise in grain production capacity.
With the new investment plan， improvement of another 26.67 million hectares can be completed by 2020， Han said， adding the government will try to hit 40 million hectares.
China's arable land reserves have been falling in recent years， some occupied by construction of new homes and factories and some replanted with trees and grass for ecological protection. The phenomenon， along with the first drop in grain output in more than a decade last year， has added to concerns about food security.
The country still had a shortfall of about 20 million tonnes in the amount of grain it produced and consumed， according to official calculations.
China is eyeing the farmland-improvement program to help boost grain yields and modernize agriculture.
Efforts must be made to stabilize farmland area and improve its quality to ensure grain self-sufficiency and food security， according to a document released Monday by the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council.
The document demanded more efforts to replenish， as much arable land is currently occupied by non-agricultural construction.
China aims to retain at least 124.33 million hectares of arable land in 2020， and the figure was 133.3 million hectares at the end of 2015. The government has set a warning level of 120 million hectares and reiterated the level must not be breached.
The arable land should be protected "the way we protect pandas，" according to the document.
BEIJING Cheap Nike Air Max 97 Shoes UK , Aug. 3 (Xinhua) -- China had more than 230.8 million people aged 60 or above at the end of 2016, 16.7 percent of the total population, the Ministry of Civil Affairs said Thursday.
Of the 230.8 million, 150.03 million were 65 or above, or 10.8 percent of the total population, according to a report released by the ministry.
By international standards, a country or region is considered to be an "aging society" when the number of people aged 60 or above reaches 10 percent or more.H The country had 140,000 nursing homes holding a total of more than 7.3 million beds at the end of 2016, with a year-on-year increase of 20.7 percent and 8.6 percent respectively. However, there are only 31.6 beds for every 1,000 senior citizens.
According to the report, China had about 460,000 orphans at the end of 2016, with 88,000 living in government-funded agencies, with the rest being cared for by relatives or private orphanages.
Some 19,000 Chinese orphans were adopted by domestic or overseas families in 2016, the ministry said.
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